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Introduction
1)
Title
Davis, Jones, Butler Memorial Stone
2)
Town, State
Laurel Run, PA
3)
ID #
1556
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
2006
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
March 06, 2011
6)
Site Worked Last
March 18, 2011
Description
The memorial marks and remembers a place where on April 23, 1779, a unit of an advance guard of Sullivan’s Expedition, a part of Washington’s Continental Army campaign into America's then-northwest territories, was attacked by Indians of the Six Nations in league with British military forces. Slain in this attack at Laurel Run, Luzerne County, in northeastern Pennsylvania’s Wyoming Valley, was Captain Joseph Davis and Lieutenant William Jones; a Corporal Butler and three others, not identified, were also lost in the ambuscade. All were participants in the colonies war for independence. Captain Davis, of the Eleventh Pennsylvania regiment, was a citizen of Philadelphia, later Montgomery, county, Pennsylvania; and Lieutenant Jones, born at or near Newark, New Castle County, Delaware, was a member of the Delaware troops, fighting alongside the Pennsylvanians. • Some 117 years after the Laurel Run attack, this memorial -- stylistically, a stone stele -- was dedicated to the memories of these slain leaders and soldiers, on September 12, 1896. They were buried at this site, and their story is engraved in the sides of the memorial. Characterized as a “neighborhood dedication,” the activities at the monument site included music, song, invocation and benediction as well as the presentation of a historical paper developed by Mrs. John Case Phelps (read at the rite by Mr. Francis A. Phelps); the ceremony was attended by, in addition to neighbors and friends, members of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society (founded 1858 and known since 2000 as the Luzerne County Historical Society), representatives of the Wyoming Valley Section of the Pennsylvania Society of the Sons of the Revolution, Ladies of the Wyoming Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Colonial Dames. • The work’s sponsor was the family of Mrs. John Case Phelps. The monument’s care was given over to, and received by, the Pennsylvania Sons of the Revolution (by Rev. Horace Edwin Hayden, member of the Board of Managers) and the Wyoming Valley Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (by Katherine Searle McCartney, Regent of the Chapter). Later, in a May 21, 1779, address to the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, Rev. Hayden commented that it was his understanding that the Phelps family is to convey to the Society, “in perpetuity, the ground on which the monument stands, with sufficient funds in trust for the future preservation of the monument.” The writer does not know if this conveyance actually happened.
Content
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1)
Battle (victory|defeat)
2)
War Dead or those Serving and Dying
3)
Not Applicable
5)
Caucasian
6)
War for Independence
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Geometric w/wo pedestal
4)
Stone/rock
5)
Average (life-size)
6)
Under Consideration
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly
8)
Text available, partial
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
3000-344.1
10)
Design Preservation
Under Consideration
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Not yet determined
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Not Yet Determined
Setting
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1)
Park/Garden/Lawn/Field
2)
Under Consideration
3)
Appearance/Setting
Not Performed
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4)
Not Entered
5)
September 12, 1896
6)
Not Entered
7)
Not Entered
8)
Under Consideration
9)
Under Consideration
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Under Consideration
12)
Community Group/Not For Profit
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
The War for Independence
Demography
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1)
File Number
63
2)
Town/City
Laurel Run
3)
County
Luzerne
4)
District
Intentionally Blank
5)
State
PA
6)
Zip
18706
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
0.0000000000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
0.0000000000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
East Northampton St
11)
Intersecting Street 2
12)
Additional Identifier 1
13)
Additional Identifier 2
14)
Links/Websites
15)
Man-made
16)
Citizens/residents
17)
Revolution: War/Governance | 1774-1788
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
2006
19)
19.1)
Book/Pamphlet/Text
19.2)
Correspondence
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
March 06, 2011
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
21.1)
Book/Pamphlet/Text
21.2)
Website
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
SEX: Assumed all male.
RACIAL/ETHNIC: Assumed Caucasian.
SITE MAINTENANCE: Community group(s) -- Sons of the Revolution, Wyoming, PA members; Daughters of the American Revolution, Wyoming Valley Chapter.
SOURCE: Phelps, "An Address Delivered on the Occasion of the Erection of a Monument at Laurel Run, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania."
COMMENT (1): The Davis-Jones point unit of Sullivan’s advance group was under the direction of Major Joseph Prowell (mistakenly identified as Powell, early on). He was born in York County, Pennsylvania, about 1753.
COMMENT (2): The original interment of officers Davis and Jones took place 4/23/1779, in Laurel Run; two wooden monument boards, one containing the blood of Jones, were observed erected. A second interment of Davis and Jones took place 7/28/1779, at the Wilkes-Barre public burial grounds, near the old fort: rites associated with this re-interment were Masonic as well as military and a “rude” stone with inscription by Forest and Story was placed. A third interment, similar to the second, occurred 6/24/1867, also in Wilkes-Barre, at Hollenback Cemetery, near its main entrance; buried too was the second interment’s “rude” stone. (Source: Phelps, An Address, see above.)



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