Naval Manument Tripoli Fieldguide to U.S. Public Monuments and Memorials Cabrillo
 
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Monument Detail

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Introduction
1)
Title
First Line of Defence (The)
2)
Town, State
New York, NY
3)
ID #
1768
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
February 22, 2008
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
February 22, 2008
6)
Site Worked Last
February 15, 2009
Description
This stone marker, with bronze plaque attached, memorializes “the first line of defence,” which recalls the Battle of Harlem Heights (on northern Manhattan Island). Fought September 16, 1776, between forces of the American Continental army, under Captain Thomas Knowlton (killed), and the British 33rd and 42nd Foot (the Black Watch), the battle has been described by a British reference as “An inconclusive fight which revived American morale….” This monument was developed at the time of and in association with the ceremonies to commemorate the Hudson-Fulton Celebration of 1909 – New York State’s combined 300th anniversary celebration of explorer Henry Hudson’s journey up the Hudson River and the 100th birthday of inventor and engineer Robert Fulton’s trip on the same river in his steamboat Clermont. The stone memorial's plaque was created by J.V. and R.V. Lamb, and Fieldguide assumes it was made by J&R Lamb Studios, New York. Situated on Broadway’s center island, at 147th Street, Manhattan, and sponsored by the Harlem Heights Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, the monument was dedicated September 29, 1909. The original Lamb plaque was lost. Today's stone marker appears to be the original, and its current plaque -- made by Newman Brothers, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio, under the sponsorship of the New York City Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution as well as the West Harlem Arts Fund -- was dedicated in 2001.
Content
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1)
Battle (victory|defeat)
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Neither Sex
5)
Racially silent
6)
War for Independence
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Stone/Rock w/wo tablet
4)
Stone/rock and metal
5)
Average (life-size)
7)
Inscribed/lettered on tablet
8)
Text available, all
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2200.320.1, 2200.320.2, 2200.320.3, 2200.320.4, 2200.320.5, 2200.320.6
10)
Design Preservation
Satisfactory
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Artist/Artistic Group: Lamb, J.V. & R.V.
12.2)
Designer 2
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Known
13.1)
Fabricator/Builder 1
Lamb Studios J&R  
13.2)
Fabricator City
New York 
13.3)
Fabricator State
NY 
13.4)
Fabricator Country
United States 
13.5)
Fabricator/Builder 2
Newman Brothers, Inc.
Setting
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1)
Walkway|Street
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
4 Satisfactory
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
4 Satisfactory
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
3 Wanting
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
4 Satisfactory
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
5 Good
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
4.0 Satisfactory (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
Not Entered
5)
September 29, 1909
7)
Not Entered
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Local government
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
Roads and their Towns
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
The War for Independence
Demography
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1)
File Number
50A
2)
Town/City
New York
3)
County
New York
4)
District
Manhattan
5)
State
NY
6)
Zip
10031
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
40.8278590000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-73.9494630000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
147th St
11)
Intersecting Street 2
Broadway
12)
Additional Identifier 1
Hudson Fulton Champlain Quad 2009
13)
Additional Identifier 2
15)
Man-made
16)
16.1)
Community Group
16.2)
DAR/SAR | Fraternal Organizations/Groups
17)
Revolution: War/Governance | 1774-1788
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
February 22, 2008
19)
19.1)
Site Survey
19.2)
Book/Pamphlet/Text
19.3)
Government Materials
19.4)
Promotional Materials
19.5)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
Not Entered
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
STORY: Battle (victory|defeat) -- Battle of Harlem Heights, September 16, 1776
DESIGN: Maker -- Replacement plaque by: Newman Brothers, Cincinnati, Ohio
LEAD SPONSOR(S): DAR/SAR | DAR/SAR-like Groups -- Daughters of the American Revolution, Harlem Heights Chapter
LEAD SPONSOR(S): Community Group -- West Harlem Arts Fund [see link above, at myharlem.org]
SOURCE: BritishBattles.com website; Hall, The Hudson-Fulton Celebration 1909, pp. 386-389; Parks & Recreation, City of New York, website





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