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Introduction
1)
Title
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire (Mt. Zion ILGWU)
2)
Town, State
New York, NY
3)
ID #
1846
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
November 02, 2009
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
November 02, 2009
6)
Site Worked Last
April 06, 2010
Description
This memorial recalling the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire in the City of New York brings our attention and, assuredly, our hearts back to March 25, 1911: one hundred forty-six people – mostly young women, mostly Jewish immigrants -- were killed trying to escape, many by jumping to their deaths through windows because exit doors were locked, isles blocked and fire escapes damaged. The workplace inferno broke out on the three upper floors of a 10-story building near Washington Square, in Manhattan. • The inscription carved into this geometric-shaped, stone memorial recalls the loss of the workers in the fire and notes that their sacrifice has led to new concepts of social responsibility. • The International Ladies Garment Workers Union – today, called UNITE HERE – sponsored the piece (even as it did the marker at the Washington Square site). The work is situated in the Mount Zion Cemetery, Workmen’s Circle section, Path 43R, Maspeth, Queens county, New York state. • The database knows of other public monuments and memorials recalling the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire; see COMMENTS box, below, for information.
Content
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1)
Nature's violence/accidents
2)
Group of common citizens/persons
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Male and Female
5)
Combination
6)
Not Applicable
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Geometric w/wo pedestal
4)
Stone/rock
5)
Average (life-size)
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly
8)
Text available, all
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2800-815.1, 2800-815.2, 2800-815.3, 2800-815.4
10)
Design Preservation
Good
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Commercially available
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Not Applicable
Setting
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1)
Cemetery/burial ground
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
4 Satisfactory
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
4 Satisfactory
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
5 Good
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
4 Satisfactory
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
5 Good
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
4.4 Satisfactory (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
Not Entered
6)
Not Entered
7)
Not Entered
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Business/Commerce/Organization
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
Labor History
Demography
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1)
File Number
50
2)
Town/City
New York
3)
County
Queens
4)
District
Maspeth
5)
State
NY
6)
Zip
11378
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
40.7339210000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-73.9033310000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
Maurice Avenue
11)
Intersecting Street 2
54th Avenue
12)
Additional Identifier 1
Mount Zion Cemetery
13)
Additional Identifier 2
15)
Man-made
16)
Other
17)
1866-1913
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
November 02, 2009
19)
19.1)
Site Survey
19.2)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
Not Entered
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
SITE MAINTENANCE: Business/Commerce/Organization – Mount Zion Cemetery, Maspeth, New York
LEAD SPONSOR: Other -- International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union
DEMOGRAPHY: Directions -- Once through cemetery main gate, at the "T" take the "Right Side" roadway to pathway 43R; on the road's right, just past this pathway number, is an unnumbered path -- the entrance to the Workmen's Circle section. The memorial is very near the road -- just through Workmen's gate and just to its right, second row.
COMMENT (1): Date of fire: 3/25/1911 -- a Saturday, late in the afternoon
COMMENT (2): What is a "shirtwaist"? See Wikipedia.org. Also, on the website of The Evergreens Cemetery, Brooklyn, NY, John Rousmaniere is quoted as follows: "(A woman's shirt or blouse tailored like a man's shirt, the shirtwaist was popular women's clothing at that time.)" From his work entitled "Green Oasis in Brooklyn: The Evergreens Cemetery"
COMMENT (3): The names of those who died, as well as those who survived, are in a list on the Cornell website; see Links, below.
COMMENT (4): UNITE (formerly, Union of Needletrades, Industrial and Textile Employees) and HERE (prior, Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union) merged on July 8, 2004 forming UNITE HERE; see Links, below.





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