Naval Manument Tripoli Fieldguide to U.S. Public Monuments and Memorials Cabrillo
 
MAPPING & INFORMATION FEATURES
 
 
 
 
 
Monument Detail

On the Monument Detail page, the program will automatically place you in the Abbreviated database.
You may switch to another database at any time by clicking on the desired tab in the menu bar below.
Abbreviated Extended Complete Print
Introduction
1)
Title
National Katyn Memorial
2)
Town, State
Baltimore, MD
3)
ID #
1909
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
October 12, 2011
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
October 12, 2011
6)
Site Worked Last
October 31, 2012
Description
The monument, situated in Baltimore, Maryland, stands as both essence and symbol of mankind’s continuing need, apparently, to massacre its fellow men, women and children. The Russia-Germany military partitioning of Poland began September 1, 1939, with Germany’s invading western Poland, which for those of us in the U.S. typically marks the beginning of World War II. A few weeks later, on the 17th, Russia assaulted and occupied eastern Poland. The country’s military, 250,000 officers, soldiers and reserves, was seized and more than 20,000 of its officers were forced into prison camps in the Soviet Union. About 1.5 million Polish citizens were exiled to Siberia. This memorial recalls a forest named Katyń, not far from Smolensk, Russia. There, in the spring of 1940, some 5,000 of those Polish POW officers who had been captured during the 1939 Russian assault were systematically murdered. The Katyń forest was their killing field – meaning the Russian secret police, or NKVD, the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs. For the next 50 years, the Soviets refused to take responsibility for the massacres; they blamed the Nazis. (And who couldn’t believe that story?) But with sadness, repulsion and never-ending shock, we now know that the shootings of many thousands of Polish leaders -- individually, in the back of the head with a gun, personally, if you will, as the Russians finally began confessing to in 1989 – no, not the Nazis style, this. (They took mass murder to a whole new, unimaginable level, of course. But that’s a different memorial.)

• This large monument of bronze, with a dominant gold color, takes the shape of a flame, highly stylized and abstract. Set within, yet above, a cascading fountain of water, from the frame of the flame are suspended figures, some bound Polish prisoners, others seeming to be military officers or others from earlier Polish periods. Surrounding the memorial and fountain are panels that provide historical details concerning the Katyń massacre. The memorial’s foundation board invited artist and sculptor Andrzei Pitynski (b. 1947) to create the work. Born in Ulanow, Poland, and graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts, Cracow, Pitynski came to the U.S. in 1974, and has worked here since. The memorial’s founder is the firm GZUT, located in Gliwice, Poland. (The artist has also created other, earlier works on this subject: one is located in Doylestown, Pennsylvania, in Our Lady of Czestochowa cemetery; another Katyń work is situated on the Jersey City, New Jersey, waterfront (see ID# 1902, in this database.)

• The process to create the memorial was comparatively lengthy. Indeed, it began even before the Russians publicly agreed that it was Stalin and not Hitler who had murdered the Poles: In the early 1970s, an American World War II veteran named Major Clement Knefel began selling snack foods at community affairs and outings. And after 10 years he had raised some $1,600 to commemorate those lost at Katyń. Later, in 1989, the Katyń Memorial Committee of Baltimore was created, and five years later, still behind Knefel’s leadership, the current Foundation came into being. When in 1998 Knefel passed away, others took his place and focused, especially, on fund raising. The support of city and state governments led to key financial grants to develop and acquire the monument.

• The city of Baltimore is home to the memorial; it sits in its Inner Harbor East neighborhood. The work occupies the center of a roundabout that joins President and Aliceanna Streets, very near the harbor waterfront. The sculpture was unveiled November 19, 2000. Notably, earlier on, on September 19, 1996, a ceremony dedicating the site itself had been carried out, with Polish Monsignor Zdzislaw Preszkowski -- himself a Katyń survivor – presenting for inclusion at the future monument site a container of earth from the Katyń Forest’s mass grave.
Content
Note: click on brown link to view distribution of field selections in database
1)
Individual|group/family recognition
2)
Foreign national/NonAmerican
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Male and Female
5)
Caucasian
6)
World War II
Design
Note: click on brown link to view distribution of field selections in database
1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Sculpture w/wo pedestal
4)
Stone/rock and metal
5)
Large
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly
8)
Text available, all
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2700-706.1, 2700-706.2, 2700-706.3, 2700-706.4, 2700-706.5, 2700-706.6, 2700-706.7, 2700-706.8, 2700-706.9, 2700-706.10
10)
Design Preservation
Good
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Artist/Artistic Group: Pitynski, Andrzej
12.2)
Designer 2
Artist/Artistic Group: Hazard-Tomaszewski, Carla
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Known
13.1)
Fabricator/Builder 1
GZUT 
13.2)
Fabricator City
Gliwice 
13.3)
Fabricator State
NA 
13.4)
Fabricator Country
Poland 
Setting
Note: click on brown link to view distribution of field selections in database
1)
Plaza arrangement
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
6 Very Good
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
6 Very Good
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
4 Satisfactory
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
4 Satisfactory
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
5 Good
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
5.0 Good (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
1973
5)
November 19, 2000
6)
Not Entered
7)
Not Entered
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Local government , Community Group/Not For Profit
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
Demography
Note: click on brown link to view distribution of field selections in database
1)
File Number
47A
2)
Town/City
Baltimore
3)
County
Baltimore
4)
District
Inner Harbor
5)
State
MD
6)
Zip
21202
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
39.2832930000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-76.6016340000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
President St
11)
Intersecting Street 2
Aliceanna St
12)
Additional Identifier 1
Katyn Circle
13)
Additional Identifier 2
Inner Harbor East
15)
Man-made
16)
16.1)
Citizens/residents
16.2)
Community Group
16.3)
Government, Local
16.4)
Government, State
17)
1914-1945
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
October 12, 2011
19)
19.1)
Site Survey
19.2)
Government Materials
19.3)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
Not Entered
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
TITLE ALTERNATE: "Flame of Freedom."
DESIGN: Site Development -- Assumed to be 1973, the approximate year, "the early 1970s," the National Katyn Memorial Foundation website indicates Major Clement Knefel began raising funds for a memorial plaque to recall and honor the Katyn Forest massacre.
DESIGN: Founder -- Location of "state" in Poland not known to writer.
SITE MAINTENANCE: Community Group/Not For Profit -- National Katyn Memorial Foundation, Baltimore, MD
SPONSOR: Community Group -- National Katyn Memorial Foundation, Baltimore, MD
SOURCES(S): Bzdak, Meredith Arms and Douglas Petersen, "Public Sculptures in New Jersey," pp. 188-189; National Katyn Memorial Foundation, Baltimore, MD, “The Katyn Massacre,” from its website, above, retrieved 9/3/2011; Liz Robbins, “Layers of History and Grief in Katyn,” The New York Times, April 10, 2010; SIRIS (retrieved 8/31/2011); Wikipedia: Katyn Massacre and Katyn Memorial (retrieved 9/1/2011).




Privacy Policy Copyright ©2005 - Fieldguide to U.S. Public Monuments and Memorials Contact the Webmaster

Designed by RP Design Web Services