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Introduction
1)
Title
Civil War Kneeling Angel
2)
Town, State
Ossining, NY
3)
ID #
1912
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
September 29, 2009
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
September 29, 2009
6)
Site Worked Last
December 04, 2011
Description
The monument remembers soldiers of Ossining, New York, who died fighting in the Civil War. Those killed were men, both privates and officers, most from the 17th U.S. Volunteer Regiment and the 6th U.S. Heavy Artillery. At the memorial’s highest point, an angel in full-length gown and displaying wings is down on one knee with head bowed and hands folded, mourning and honoring those who perished in the fighting. • Kneeling Angel is one of two Civil War remembrances in Ossining. The angel, surmounted on a pedestal of granite and marble, is cast in “white bonze.” This description partly obscures the detail that this material is not actually bronze (an alloy of copper and brass); but rather, it is comprised of copper, tin and zinc. The pedestal design presents in three sections. Its lowest is its base; in an older picture from the Westchester County Historical Society, the stone base seems a well polished, variegated marble. The pedestal’s second and third sections, following Scharf, are comprised of “two massive blocks of granite….” The lower contains inscriptions and plaques with the names of the war dead; two bronze, profile bust-view relief plaques, evidently painted brown, on the north-facing panel that of Lincoln and on the south-facing, a uniformed Civil War soldier. The upper pedestal section displays bunting, flags, cannon and drums. These three sections are capped by the kneeling angel. Neither artist nor maker(s) appear to be known. While the monument’s design and sculptural program are multi-dimensional and far-reaching, the work’s general deteriorated condition seems to suppress further impression-making. • After the close of the Civil War – Scharf states “shortly after,” Hernandez puts it at “1870,” a Ladies’ Monument Association emerged in the town of Sing Sing (now Ossining), formed by women seeking to erect a monument to remember and honor the men who had died in the conflict. (The year 1870, then, is the assumed Start of the monument’s creation process.) By 1872 the group had raised enough money to put the monument’s cornerstone in place, which it did on July 4, 1872. In order to continue to the next development stage, the Ladies Association and local Civil War veterans combined forces and created the Monumental Dramatic Association. This group put on entertainments, plays, which allowed them to raise further funds so they could complete the monument; they did so, in spite of difficulties, and on May 30, 1879, the monument was dedicated. The dedicatory ceremony was witnessed by a large group of townsfolk and others – veterans under the Grand Army of the Republic banner as well as local militia units, state and local officials and many civic, fraternal and religious organizations. • The monument is situated in Nelson Park, near the cross of Washington Avenue with U.S. 9 (also known as the Albany Post Road or, locally, South Highland Avenue). Originally, the Kneeling Angel was placed at the junction of Church and Main Streets, in the downtown area of Ossining. The monument was relocated in April, 1884 to the old Park School grounds, and later, when a new Park School required building, in 1939, the monument was situated across Edward Street to Nelson Park. In Nelson, it was placed initially in its “lower” part. Today, the memorial, along with other monument works, graces its eastern sloping edge.
Content
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1)
Self-sacrifice
2)
War Dead or those Serving and Dying
3)
Not Applicable
5)
Caucasian
6)
Civil War
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Statue(s) w/wo pedestal
4)
Stone/rock and metal
5)
Average (life-size)
6)
Main + Three
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly and on tablet
8)
Text available, all
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2700-714.1, 2700-714.2, 2700-714.3, 2700-714.4, 2700-714.5, 2700-714.6, 2700-714.7, 2700-714.8, 2700-714.9, 2700-714.10
10)
Design Preservation
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Unknown
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Unknown
Setting
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1)
Park/Garden/Lawn/Field
2)
Land (elevation/depression) , Open Space
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
2 Poor
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
5 Good
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
4 Satisfactory
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
5 Good
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
3 Wanting
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
3.8 Satisfactory (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
1870
5)
May 30, 1879
6)
April 30, 1884
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Local government
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
Roads and their Towns
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
The Civil War
Demography
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1)
File Number
20
2)
Town/City
Ossining
3)
County
Westchester
4)
District
Intentionally Blank
5)
State
NY
6)
Zip
10562
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
41.1529330000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-73.8601080000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
US-9
11)
Intersecting Street 2
Washington Ave
12)
Additional Identifier 1
Nelson Park
13)
Additional Identifier 2
15)
Man-made
16)
Membership Group/Public Contribution
17)
Washington to Lincoln|1789-1865
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
September 29, 2009
19)
19.1)
Site Survey
19.2)
Book/Pamphlet/Text
19.3)
Government Materials
19.4)
Journal
19.5)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
Not Entered
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
TITLE ALTERNATES: War Memorial, Soldiers’ Monument, Squatting Angel, Civil War Monument
DESIGN: The list of names of the dead varies slightly between Civil War Kneeling Angel (ID#1912: 1879)/Scharf (1886) and Civil War (ID#1911: 1887). The latter plaque lists a seventh officer: Charles C. Hyatt (Capt. 13th U.S.I.). And, for the privates, George Powell is removed and John Williams (Co. 1, 95th N.Y.I.) is added. In sum, as of the ladder work’s 1887 dedication date, the list included 7 officers and 35 privates – 42 total killed.
SPONSOR(S): Membership Group/Public Contribution -- Ladies' Monument Association; Monumental Dramatic Association, Sing Sing, NY
SOURCES: Miguel Hernandez, "Ossining's Civil War Monuments," The Ossining Historical Register, Winter, 2011, pp. 6-9; J. Thomas Scharf, History of Westchester County, New York, Vol. II, pp. 321-365; SIRIS.
COMMENT (1): In Scharf’s work, published in 1886, the Civil War is referred to as the War of the Rebellion.
COMMENT (2): Today’s Ossining area became known as Sing Sing after the American colonies’ War for Independence from Britain (1783). When the Dutch moved into the Hudson Valley in the early 17th century, a Mohegan tribal group called the "Sint Sinck” inhabited the area. It was later (1685) acquired by Frederick Philipse and made a part of the family’s Manor of Philipsburg, some 165,000 acres. Dutch, French and English tenant farmers leased the land until after the Philipse family, Loyalists, was ousted by the new New York State government. The properties were auctioned off, many, according to the town’s web site, to the tenant farmers who had worked them, especially those who had supported the American cause. At that time, the area became known as Sing Sing. And it remained so until March 25, 1901, when the village changed the name to Ossining.
SPONSOR(S): Membership Group/Public Contribution –Ladies’ Monument Association; Monumental Dramatic Association, Sing Sing, New York.




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