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Introduction
1)
Title
Sheltering Memorial World War I
2)
Town, State
New Rochelle, NY
3)
ID #
622
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
May 20, 2001
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
August 21, 2011
6)
Site Worked Last
September 06, 2011
Description
The memorial recalls a moment in time, in 1917, when the city of New Rochelle, New York, and its citizens reached out to protect, to shelter, prospective military enlistees as they themselves sought the opportunity to defend the nation. Fort Slocum, situated on Davids Island -- close by the city, but an island nonetheless and reachable only by boat – was a major U.S. government recruiting depot for individuals seeking to enter the American military, in this case to serve in the Great War, in Europe. The sculpture recalls that in New Rochelle during 10 days in December, 1917 (10th to the 20th), some 8,000 to 10,000 men tried to enlist – at once. The Fort Slocum depot couldn’t handle this crush of humanity. Complicating things further, the men had been instructed to pack light, even though winter weather in the northeast U.S. was assured, and Mother Nature didn’t disappoint. The cold increased to a blizzard and thousands were left stranded, with no place to go, no place to live. In response, the city’s citizens and its government provided temporary shelter, literally on a moment’s notice, to thousands of men by volunteering the use of public buildings and private homes. • The remembrance is a rectangle-shaped tablet of bronze. In low-relief and standing between two panels of narrative conveying the story behind the memorial, Columbia looks out to and over the intended enlistees, bringing them welcome, warmth and greeting. The tablet is the work of sculptor Frank Tolles Chamberlin, living in New York at the time. Soon, this muralist, painter and teacher as well as sculptor moved with his artist wife, Katharine Beecher Stetson, and family to California, Chamberlin’s birthplace, in 1873. It is also where he died, in Pasadena, 1961. Gorham Company Founders, Providence, Rhode Island, made the work. The New Rochelle Art Association also played a role, one of coordination, in the tablet’s design process. • The Sheltering Memorial is wall-mounted in the rotunda of City Hall, on North Street, New Rochelle. It is estimated to have been positioned here in the mid-1980s, following a restoration. Originally, the sculpture was installed in the New Rochelle Public Library, having been dedicated during March, 1919. When the library was closed and relocated in 1979, the work was placed in storage. • Those 1917 to-be soldiers, recipients of much good work by citizenry and town, collected donations from amongst themselves to secure plaques of remembrance and other items to express their thanks for the efforts and accommodations. Notable among several such funds was that left by Richard R. Pavlich, whose work resulted in the creation of this Chamberlin and Gorham sculpture. During the 1980s, local efforts to revitalize the work, then in storage, were led by American Legion, New Rochelle Post 8, especially the persistence of James J. Murphy III, a long-time resident, Post 8 participant and leader.
Content
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1)
Community service
2)
Group of common citizens/persons
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Male and Female
5)
Caucasian
6)
World War I
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Tablet/Plaque
5)
Average (life-size)
7)
Tablet, bas-relief
8)
Text available, all
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2700-748.1, 2700-748.2, 2700-748.3, 2700-748.4, 2700-748.5, 2700-748.6
10)
Design Preservation
Good
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Artist/Artistic Group: Chamberlin, Frank Tolles
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Known
13.1)
Fabricator/Builder 1
Gorham Company Founders 
13.2)
Fabricator City
Providence 
13.3)
Fabricator State
RI 
13.4)
Fabricator Country
United States 
Setting
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1)
Inside building - pub or priv
2)
Not Applicable
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
5 Good
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
4 Satisfactory
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
4 Satisfactory
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
6 Very Good
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
5 Good
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
4.8 Good (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
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4)
Not Entered
5)
March 30, 1919
6)
Not Entered
7)
Not Entered
8)
Off beaten path
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Local government , Community Group/Not For Profit
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
Demography
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1)
File Number
7
2)
Town/City
New Rochelle
3)
County
Westchester
4)
District
Intentionally Blank
5)
State
NY
6)
Zip
10801
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
40.9198690000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-73.7865020000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
North Ave
11)
Intersecting Street 2
Winthrop Ave
12)
Additional Identifier 1
City Hall
13)
Additional Identifier 2
15)
Man-made
16)
16.1)
Community Group
16.2)
Government, Local
16.3)
Veterans group(s)
17)
1914-1945
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
May 20, 2001
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
August 21, 2011
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
21.1)
Site Survey
21.2)
Book/Pamphlet/Text
21.3)
Website
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
SPONSOR(S): Volunteers of the National Army
SPONSOR(S): Veterans group(s) -- American Legion New Rochelle Post 8, 112 North Avenue, New Rochelle, NY 10801
SOURCES: Ask/ART at http://www.askart.com/askart/, Item 1 – Chamberlin; Item 2 – Stetson; Cox, Robert, "New Rochelle Recalls Restoring World War I Plaque to Place of Honor in City Hall," Talk of the Sound, web blog, April 12, 2011; Davis, Barbara, “New Rochelleans Open Heart and Hearth for Doughboys,” Journal News, December 15, 1994; Davis, Barbara, “A city Shines in Time of National Crisis," Journal News, December 22, 1995; Seacord, Morgan H. and William S. Hadaway, “Historical Landmarks of New Rochelle,” pp. 129-130; “Tablet Given by Grateful Soldiers,” The New York Times, March 30, 1919.
COMMENT: Inscription -- The Inscription on the tablet reads as follows: “This tablet is erected by the volunteers of the National Army in grateful appreciation of the kindly welcome and hospitality extended by the eople of New Rochelle from December X to XX MCMXVII. Coming in such numbers that the Recruiting Station at Fort Slocum could not provide accommodation for them, these thousands of men found food and shelter in the homes and public buildings of the city while awaiting reception into the service of the nation."



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