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Introduction
1)
Title
World War I (Doughboy)
2)
Town, State
Harrison, NY
3)
ID #
742
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
July 14, 2001
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
December 29, 2008
6)
Site Worked Last
April 05, 2012
Description
This statue memorializes the World War I service of men and women of Harrison, New York, many of whom died in the fighting. Created by E.M. Viquesney, the soldier figure at the center of the monument, entitled “The Spirit of the American Doughboy,” is the Indiana sculptor’s signature artistic labor.

• The cast zinc figure in World War I dress that is the focus of the community’s remembrance is mounted on an elevated granite base. There are several plaques attached, front and back, that further document the efforts of the town’s responders. Ernest Moore (“Dick”) Viquesney (1876-1946) was born in Spencer, Indiana, a half-hour’s drive northwest of Bloomington. Generations of the Viquesney family were in the stone carving and monuments trade, and he himself grew up in it as well, mostly in Spencer. It was from his father, Alfred Paul, that Ernest Moore learned to carve, engrave and sculpt. While working in the trade in Americus, Georgia, Viquesney’s American Doughboy first saw light in 1920, following a period of research. The statue at this site is that of a second doughboy model, one copyrighted by the artist in 1934. Construction of the monument’s base in the 1930s came to fruition as part of a federal government Works Progress Administration (WPA) effort. In 2004 the monument was extensively refurbished under the direction of sculptor Arnaldo Ugarte and objects conservator Doug Kwart; previously, in September, 1983, John Pavlik, as part of an Eagle Scout effort, had cleaned up the sculpture.

• The original as well as the current sponsor of the memorial -- situated in Ma Riis Park at Harrison Avenue and Heineman Place, near the town hall -- is Curtis Seaman Read Post 3047, Veterans of Foreign Wars. Individual leadership at the time of its installment was undertaken by Louis Lavigna, a veteran of the Great War; according to a writing in a local newspaper, he worked with Viquesney to place the copy of the artist’s 1934 work, which Lavigna also paid for, in Harrison.

• The town maintains the site. Dedicated originally November 11, 1939, the work was re-dedicated in a town-wide ceremony May 30, 2004.
Content
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1)
Self-sacrifice
2)
War Dead or those Serving and Dying
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Male and Female
5)
Caucasian
6)
World War I
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Statue(s) w/wo pedestal
4)
Stone/rock and metal
5)
Average (life-size)
6)
Main + One
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly and on tablet
8)
Text available, partial
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
2200-329.1, 2200-329.2, 2200-329.3, 2200-329.4, 2200-329.5, 2200-329.6
10)
Design Preservation
Good
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Artist/Artistic Group: Viquesney, Ernest Moore
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Known
13.1)
Fabricator/Builder 1
Raphael Groppi Studio 
13.2)
Fabricator City
Chicago 
13.3)
Fabricator State
IL 
13.4)
Fabricator Country
United States 
13.5)
Fabricator/Builder 2
L. John Gulatsi
13.6)
Fabricator/Builder 3
Arnaldo Ugarte
Setting
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1)
Park/Garden/Lawn/Field
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
5 Good
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
5 Good
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
4 Satisfactory
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
4 Satisfactory
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
3 Wanting
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
4.2 Satisfactory (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
Not Entered
5)
November 11, 1939
6)
May 30, 2004
7)
Not Entered
10)
Other Monuments on Site
743 , 744 , 745 , 792
11)
Satisfactory
12)
Local government
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
Emulator: Doughboy
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
P & M: After 1914
Demography
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1)
File Number
35
2)
Town/City
Harrison
3)
County
Westchester
4)
District
Harrison
5)
State
NY
6)
Zip
10528
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
40.9701410000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-73.7128360000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
Harrison Ave
11)
Intersecting Street 2
Heineman Pl
12)
Additional Identifier 1
Ma Riis Park
13)
Additional Identifier 2
14)
Links/Websites
15)
Man-made
16)
16.1)
Government, Local
16.2)
Veterans group(s)
17)
1914-1945
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
July 14, 2001
19)
19.1)
Site Survey
19.2)
Government Materials
19.3)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
December 29, 2008
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
21.1)
Site Survey
21.2)
Newspaper
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
ARTIST-ASSIGNED TITLE: "Spirit of the American Doughboy"
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT: Copyrighted 1934 by E.M.Viquesney
SOURCE [1]: The go-to resource for Viquesney’s doughboy creation appears to be the doughboy searcher database (link above) maintained by Californian Les Kopel and Texan Earl D. Goldsmith.
SOURCES [2]: Hannan Adely, “American Doughboy to Return Soon,” The Journal News, May 23, 2004; SIRIS
COMMENT: Design [1] -- SIRIS categorizes the statue’s metal as a bronze rather than as a cast zinc. It might be, but given its 1934 copyright, the statue’s more likely to be copper-plated, on the zinc, so as to give it the appearance of bronze.
COMMENT: Design [2] – On the plaque situated on the front of the monument, inscribed in its lower-right-hand corner are the words “L. John Gulatsi/Mt. Vernon, N.Y.” This name/location, during this timeframe, was associated with the foundry named Eagle Bronze Works. For Visquesney’s doughboys, as each, individual sponsor provided for its own site work, Gulatsi/Eagle may likely have created the several plaques mounted to the memorial.



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