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Introduction
1)
Title
Pentagon Memorial 9/11 VA
2)
Town, State
Arlington, VA
3)
ID #
915
4)
Compilation Date (Initial)
October 03, 2002
5)
Compilation Date (Latest)
April 12, 2011
6)
Site Worked Last
December 31, 2012
Description
The memorial remembers and honors men, women and children killed when Al Qaeda terrorists hijacked and crashed American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon, killing all 59 passengers on the jetliner and 125 workers, military and civilian, in the building. Many other workers were injured, and the building, home of the U.S. military headquarters, sustained substantial damage. A place of support and healing as well as loss and mourning, the Pentagon 9/11 Memorial also encourages personal introspection and collective commitment to shared values in the face of the deadly and devastating attack that morning of 9/11/2001, and afterward. At 8:20 a.m. American’s Flight 77, a Boeing 757 jetliner, departed Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia, bound for Los Angeles; it was, instead, hijacked, turned around and crashed into the west side of the Pentagon at 9:37 a.m.

• The design of the memorial values highly the individualism of the 184 people killed, while not diminishing its tribute to the collective. It achieves this elevated value, seemingly, by providing comparatively expansive space for each of the memorialized individuals, within which his or her story is told. In this light the memorial shares perhaps design and narrative DNA with the Oklahoma City National Memorial, a site that also recalls a random killing, of 168 people, by terrorists. At the Pentagon, to use words from its Memorial Fund’s website, each memorial unit is “at once a glowing light pool, a cantilevered bench and…inscription of each victim’s name.” Further, the work “consists of 184 memorial units, each…dedicated to an individual victim by its unique placement within the collective field….organized as a timeline of the victims’ ages,” youngest to oldest, each memorial space situated on its “respective age line – thin metal strips that cross the memorial park.” Finally, when observing units recalling those travelling on the airliner, then we “face so that when reading the name of the victim” we look toward the sky, and when the honored was a person inside the Pentagon then a viewer sees “the victim's name and the Pentagon in the same view.” The memorial space, chosen to try to provide insight and meaning to the horrifying events of that Tuesday morning in September, is decidedly intricate and firmly organized, pulled together around both the physical and the symbolic. Washington Headquarters Services (WHS), a function of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, managed the memorial’s construction for the Secretary. It initially, and quickly, asked the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Baltimore District, “to provide technical services for establishment of a permanent memorial on the grounds of the Pentagon,” to cite the Corps. Carol Anderson-Austra, a landscape architect, was Corps project manager. A design competition was conducted, a worldwide endeavor that employed an 11-member jury of architects, engineers, family members and artists to review some 1,100 proposals. From this effort the plan by architects Julie Beckman and Keith Kaseman (now KBAS, Kaseman Beckman Amsterdam Studio) was selected. WHS also chose the skills, experiences and services of Centex-Lee LLC, Fairfax, VA, to design-build the memorial. This joint venture initiative, working with KBAS, teams the design group/architect of record, Lee and Associates, Washington, DC, with Centex Construction, Fairfax, VA (a unit of Balfour Beatty Construction, Dallas, which also built the nearby United States Air Force Memorial (see ID#1701)). A number of subcontractors and consultants provided services to the KBAS and Centex-Lee construction leaders. MetalTek International, Waukesha, Wisconsin, designed, created and tested the prototype memorial bench and then produced the 184 bench units at its Pevely, Missouri, division. Pap & Associates, Washington, D.C, provided urban design and other consulting services.

• The memorial is located at 1 Rotary Road, on the west side of the Pentagon; it is situated, more broadly, on the U. S. Pentagon Reservation, Arlington, VA. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers worked with a Family Steering Committee in evaluating, initially, 10 possible sites for the memorial on the Pentagon grounds. Near the impact site, the proposed two-acre location is positioned in the flight path the jetliner followed as the hijackers slammed the passenger jet into the Pentagon.

• The memorial was created by an act of Congress, December 2001. The act authorized the Secretary of Defense to establish a permanent memorial, and the memorial-making process was initiated directly by leaders of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The memorial’s lead sponsors are two: the federal government and the Pentagon Memorial Fund, Inc. (section 2864 of Public Law 107-107, National Defense Authorization Act, fiscal 2002, authorizes the government’s participation; and, in order to construct and maintain the memorial, the Fund -- a 501 c/3 not-for-profit, incorporated May, 2003, and led by families of the victims -- raises money from individuals, businesses, foundations and others, both domestic and foreign). President George W. Bush dedicated the memorial September 11, 2008, in the presence of victims’ relatives, military personnel and Pentagon employees as well as Supreme Court justices and Congressional representatives.
Content
Note: click on brown link to view distribution of field selections in database
1)
Loss & perseverance
2)
Group of common citizens/persons
3)
Not Applicable
4)
Male and Female
5)
Combination
6)
Not Applicable
Design
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1.)
Man-made
2.)
Inscription/Text Design
Integrated
3)
Diorama|model|complex
4)
Stone/rock and metal
5)
Big
6)
Four +
7)
Inscribed/lettered directly and on tablet
8)
Text available, partial
9)
Yes (see below)
9.1)
Image numbering/location
3100-402.1, 3100-402.2, 3100-402.3, 3100-402.4, 3100-402.5, 3100-402.6, 3100-402.7, 3100-402.8, 3100-402.9, 3100-402.10
10)
Design Preservation
Good
11)
Inscript. Separate from M|M
No
12)
Designers
12.1)
Designer 1
Artist/Artistic Group: KBAS: Kaseman Beckman Amsterdam Studio
12.2)
Designer 2
Artist/Artistic Group: Lee and Associates, Inc.
13)
Fabricators/Builders
Known
13.1)
Fabricator/Builder 1
Centex- Lee LLC 
13.2)
Fabricator City
Fairfax 
13.3)
Fabricator State
VA 
13.4)
Fabricator Country
United States 
13.5)
Fabricator/Builder 2
MetalTek International
Setting
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1)
Park/Garden/Lawn/Field
2)
Open Space , Water
3)
Appearance/Setting
Completed
3.1)
Appeal of the Item
6 Very Good
3.2)
Setting appears appropriate
6 Very Good
3.3)
Traffic near for access, distanced for appreciation
5 Good
3.4)
Visualization and panorama
5 Good
3.5)
Opportunity to view, to enjoy the item
7 Exceptional
3.6)
Overall Averaged Score
5.8 Very Good (Given a 1.0 - 7.0 Range)
To calculate comparative appearance estimates, CLICK HERE
4)
October 2001
5)
September 11, 2008
6)
Not Entered
7)
Not Entered
10)
Other Monuments on Site
11)
Satisfactory
12)
FedGov-Other Executive
Themes
1)
MonumentsandMemorials.com Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
2)
National Historic Landmark Themes
No Perceived Theme Match
Demography
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1)
File Number
65
2)
Town/City
Arlington
3)
County
Arlington
4)
District
Intentionally Blank
5)
State
VA
6)
Zip
22202
7)
Country
United States
8)
Latitude (GPS)
38.8713220000
9)
Longitude (GPS)
-77.0590170000
10)
Intersecting Street 1
I 395
11)
Intersecting Street 2
SR 27
12)
Additional Identifier 1
S. Washington Blvd
13)
Additional Identifier 2
Broundry Channel Dr
14)
Links/Websites
15)
Man-made
16)
16.1)
Government, Federal -- Exec / Other
16.2)
Membership Group/Public Contribution
17)
2001-current
18)
Compilation Date (Initial)
October 03, 2002
19)
19.1)
Government Materials
19.2)
Newspaper
19.3)
Website
20)
Compilation Date (Latest)
April 12, 2011
21)
Compilation Technique (Latest)
21.1)
Site Survey
21.2)
Government Materials
21.3)
Promotional Materials
21.4)
Website
22)
Source Originator
monumentsandmemorials.com
Comments and Notes
SOURCES: “Pentagon Memorial,” Wikipedia, retrieved 4/23/2011; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay, “President Dedicates Memorial to Attack,” The New York Times, September 12, 2008; Website, Pentagon Memorial Fund at www.pentagonmemorial.net; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, “Project Fact Sheets” that update the building of the memorial; Wyatt, Edward, “Six Finalists Are Selected for Design at Pentagon,” The New York Times, October 4, 2002.
COMMENT (1): Design -- The Pentagon memorial does not contain human remains.
COMMENT (2): Demography -- The Pentagon Reservation, which does not have a street address per se, is sited where two roads, Army Navy Drive and Fern Street, cross near the entry to its South parking lot.
COMMENT (3): Wikipedia reports that five hijackers were aboard. Source: Wikipedia Timeline…, Retrieved 5/4/2011



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